The Elements of Art
The Elements of Art are the building blocks that artists use when creating a piece of art.
They are line, shape, colour, form, space and texture.
|Line||Line is a mark that is very commonly used by artists. It’s length is wider than its width and it can be used vertically, horizontally, straight, diagonal, curved.|
|Shape||A shape is a closed line. Shapes can be regular such as squares, triangles and circles or organic (Irregular).|
|Colour||Colour is light that is reflected off an object. There are three main colours or hues that we know as the primary colours these are red, blue and yellow.
Primary colours are the true colours. All the other colours are mixed using primary colours. Secondary colours are made my mixing two primary colours together.
Complementary colours are colours that opposite each other on the colour wheel. These colour complement each other and make each other look brighter.
|Form||Form refers to 3D shapes such as cylinders, pyramids, prisms etc.|
|Space||Space is the area that is around an object or between objects. This space is also known as negative space. Negative space is often made up of shares.|
|Texture||Texture refers to the feeling or quality of a surface and is often felt or touched. Textures can be smooth, soft, hard, rough, fury etc|
The Principles of Art
The Principles of Art relate to how an artist used the elements.
|Pattern||Is repeating a pattern, shape or object to create a pattern.|
|Balance||Balance relates to the distribution of weight. It can be symmetrical or asymmetrical.|
|Proportion||Relates to the sizes of items within the artwork.|
|Repetition||This principle works with pattern to give movement or make the work seem active.|
|Rhythm||Relates to movement. When the artist uses more than one element to create movement in the artwork.|
|Emphasis||Relates to the area of the artwork that captures the viewers attention.|
|Unity||Is the feeling of agreement or harmony between the elements in the artwork.|
|Variety||Is the use of a range of elements that work together to create rhythm.|
|Movement||Relates to the area or the pathway that the viewers eye takes at the are looking at the artwork.|